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Diatom Diversity in the Spring and Spring-fed River of Tizab Region (Central Alborz), Iran

Abstract

Diatoms are the most diverse algae in aquatic ecosystems and springs are valuable as the biodiversity conservative habit and a crucial source of drinking water for mankind. Therefore, study of springs' algal flora biodiversity leads us to know more about conservation process. In this research, the diatom biodiversity of Tizab Spring and the spring-fed river was studied in Summer and Autumn 2017 for the first time. Thirty species were identified which one species (Achnanthidium gracillimum F. Meister) is a new record for diatom flora of Iran. The data revealed the flora is much similar to Karaj River flora. This similarity can be due to close geographical locations, as both rivers are located in the Central Alborz region. The distribution pattern of species were studied in Iran based on present references on Iranian aquatic ecosystems. This study presented that two-third of diatom species had a widespread distribution. Iranian flora data in comparison with European and American database showed that most species are the elements of the northern hemisphere. Diatom biodiversity studies in Central Alborz region is in its first steps. Therefore, much researches are needed to reveal the diatom biodiversity and the potentiality of new species in this region.

Keywords
Diatom, Central Alborz, Distribution, Tizab, Spring.

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