Identification of algae of Shakh-Kenar, Gavkhouni Wetland, was studied from September 2017 to November 2018 at three stations with three replication. Totaly, 69 species and 43 genera belonging to six divisions were identified. Species were belonging to the Bacillariophyta, Chlorophyta, Cyanophyta, Euglenophyta, Dinophyta and Chrysophyta. The density variations of the algae were between 98 and 1597 cells/cm3. The highest density was found at station 1 in autumn. According to the Shannon-Weaver Index, the highest and the lowest diversity were observed in autumn and winter, respectively. Bacillariophyta, especially pennate forms; such as Navicula, Nitzschia, Cymbella, and Ulnaria were semi dominant in the most stations. From Chlorophyta; Pediastrum, Cladophora and Scenedesmus were showed conspicuous increase in summer and early autumn. Chroococcus disperses (Keissl.) Lemn, Merismopedia punctata Meyen, Oscillatoria sp. were demonstrated more abundance in autumn. Phacus sp., Euglena caudata Hubner, Trachelomonas playfair Defl., Glenodinium quadridense (Stein.) Schiller, Ceratium hirundinella (OF. Muell.) Duj and Peridinium cinctum Muell., were observed in later summer and autumn. Regarding to taxa list, kind of pollution index algae and water quality index were recognized from Chlorophyta, Cyanophyta, Dinophyta and Euglenophyta, that they play important role modify water odor/taste, corrosion of tubes, methods, and production of toxins.
Atici T, Obali O, Elmaci A. (2005). Abant Golu (Bolu) bentic algae. Ecology. 14 (56): 9- 15.
Atici T and Shams M. (2017). Most abundance Diatom Taxa of rivers in Turkey and Iran. International Journal of Botany Research (IJBR). 7 (5): 9-14.
Barone R and Flores LN. (1994). Phytoplankton dynamics in a shallow, hypertrophic reservoir (Lake Arancio, Scily). Hydrobiologia. 289: 199- 214. Doi:10.1007/s10750-012-1033-0
Baykal T, Acikgoz I, Yildiz K, Bekleyen A. (2004). A study on algae in Devegecidi Dam Lake. Turkish Journal of Botany. 28: 457-472.
Cocquyt C and Vyverman W. (2005). Phytoplankton in Lake Tanganyika: a comparison of community composition and biomass off Kigoma with previous studies 27 years ago. Journal Great lakes Research. 31: 535- 546.
Conulol A. (2005). A comment on the results reported by Cetin and Sen. Turkish Journal of Botany. 29: 75- 77.
Cox EJ. (1996). Identification of freshwater diatoms from live material. Chapman and Hall. London. 158p.
Danilov RA and Ekelund NGA. (2001). Phytoplankton communities at different depths in two eutrophic and oligotrophic temperature lakes at higher latitude during the period of ice cover. Acta protozool. 40: 197-201.
David NS and Rajan MR. (2015). Evaluation of organic pollution by Palmer’s algal genus index and physico-chemical analysis of Vaigai river at Madurai, India. Natural Resources and Conservation. 3 (1): 7-10.
Descy JP and Gosselain V. (1994). Development and ecological importance of phytoplankton in a large lowland river (River Meuse, Belgium). Hydrobiologia. 289: 139-155.
Gadag SS, Kodashetter MS, Birasal NR, Sambrani MI. (2005). The microphytes and macrophytes in and around Heggeri lake (Haveri district). Proc. State level UGC sponsored seminar on biodiversity and its conservation held at KLE society’s Gudleppa Hallikeri College, Haveri.
Ginkel CEV, Hohls BC, Vermaak E. (2001). A Ceratium hirundinella (O. F.Muller) bloom in Hartbeespoort dam, South Africa. Water SA. 27: 269-276.
Karacaoglu D, Dere S, Dalkiran N. (2004). A taxonomic study on the phytoplankton of Lake Uluabat (Bursa). Turkish Journal of Botany. 28: 473-485.
Karjalainen J, Holopainen AL, Huttunen P. (1996). Spatial patterns and relationships between phytoplankton, zooplanktonand water quality in the Saima lake system, Finland. Hydrobiologia. 322: 267-275.
Kelly MG and Whitton BA. 1995. The trophic diatom index: an index for monitoring eutrophication in rivers. Journal Applied Phycology. 7: 433-444.
Kilinc S. (1998). A study in the seasonal variation of phytoplankton in Hafik Lake (Sivas, Turkey). Turkish Journal of Botany. 22: 35-41.
Lei AP, Hu ZL, Wang J, Shi ZX, Tam FY. (2005). Structure of the phytoplankton community and its relationship to water quality in Donghu Lake, Wuhan, China. Journal of Plant Biology. 47 (1): 27-37.
Moghadam F. (1976). Diatoms as indicator of pollution Zayandeh Rood River. Iran. Proceeedings of the. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 127 (19): 281-297.
Nandan SN and Aher NH. (2005). Algal community used for assessment of water quality of Haranbaree dam and Mosam river of Maharashtra. Journal of Environment Biology. 26: 223-227.
Naz M and Turkman M. (2005). Phytoplankton biomass and species composition of Lake Golbasi (Hatay- Turkey). Turkish Journal of Biology. 29: 49- 56.
Palmer CM. (1969). Keys to Water Quality Indicative Organisms (South Eastern United States) Department of Interior, Federal Water Pollution Control Administration, Ohio, USA.
Patrick R and Reimer CW. (1975). The diatoms of the United States. Monogr?? Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 58 (4): 1335-1342.
Pereira R, Valente LMP, Sousa-Pinto I, Rema P. (2012). Apparent nutrient digestibiliy of seaweeds by rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Algal Research. 1:77-82.
Prescott GW. (1984). How know the fresh water algae. University of Montana, USA.
Prescott GW. (1970). Algae of western great lakes area. WM.C Brown company publishers. Lowa.
Rajmohan N and Elango L. (2005). Nutrient chemistry of groundwater in an intensively irrigated region of southern India. Environmental Geology. 47: 820-830.
Rassashko IF and Karymashkov OA. (1992). Phytoplankton of the upper Dnieper and its tributaries in the belorussian polesie. Gidrobiologia. 27 (5): 46- 52.
Salmaso N, Morabito G, Mosello R, Garibaldi L, Simona M, Buzzi F, Ruggiu D. (2003). A synoptic study of phytoplankton in the deep lakes south of the Alps (lakes Garda, Iseo, Como, Lugano and Maggiore). Journal Limnology. 62 (2): 207- 227.
Semeneh M, Dehairs F, Elskens M. (1998). Nitrogen uptake regime and phytoplankton community structure in the Atlantic and Indian sectors of the southern ocean. Journal of Marine systems. 17: 159- 177.
Shams M and Afsharzadeh S. (2007). Taxonomic study of Diatoms in Zayandeh Rood Dam Lake. Iranian Journal of Botany (Rostaniha). 8 (2): 160-175.
Shams M, Afsharzadeh S, Atici T. (2012). Seasonal variation in phytoplankton communities in Zayandeh Rood Dam Lake (Isfahan- Iran). Turkish Journal of Botany. 36 (6): 715-726.
Skcherbak VI and Rodkin VI. (1994). Phytoplankton in a highly mineralized lake. Hydrobiological Journal. 30:35-44.
Vanitha G and Shunmugavelu M. (2012). Hydrochemical assessment of Vaigai river water in India. International Journal of Environmental Sciences. Doi:10.6088/ijes.00202030101.
Whitford LA and Schumacher GJ. (1984). A manual of fresh- water algae. Sparks Press. New York.
Yilmaz N and Aykulu G. (2010). An investigation on the seasonal variation of the phytoplankton density on the surface water of Sapanca Lake, Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 42:1213-1224.
Zincke D. (2004). Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus enrichment on phytoplankton communities of lake Atawapaskat, Michigan. Journal of Atawapaskat Research. 2: 1-6.