Taxonomy of the Brown algal genus Padina with the description of the new species Padina sp.PGnov. Dictyotales,Pheaophyceae) from the northern coast of Persian Gulf, IRAN.
faedeh Amini, Hossein Riahi, Hossein zolgharnien

Padina is a marine brown macro-algal genus, comprising of about 37 species. Information about the representatives of this genus along the Persian Gulf coast is limited to a few floristic surveys. The present work presents the results of a discussion about the Padina along the Persian Gulf coast, with emphasis on the molecular taxonomy. Sequences of the large subunit of RUBISCO (rbcL) have been used in the molecular analysis of species and for phylogenetic purposes. Based on the rbcL sequences, four species are recognized along the Persian Gulf coast: Padinasp.FA, Padina sp.PG,Padina sp.INDEGRO32 and Dictyota ciliolata.A new species, Padina sp.PG nov. is described based on morphology and molecular analyses. Twelve new sequences were generated among the samples examined.
Macroalgea, Padina sp.PG nov., Systematic, molecular


Abdel-Kareem .Mohamed., S.M., 2009. New algal records from the Persian Gulf Coast of Saudi Arabia. Botany Research International 2 (4): 268-276

Al-Hasan, R. H., and Jones,W. E., 1989. Marine algal flora and sea grass of the coast of Kuwait. Journal University of Kuwait (Science).16: 289-339.

Amini, F., Riahi, H., Zolgharnain, Hossein., 2013,. Concentrations Metal in Padina Species and Associated Sediment from Nayband Bay and Bostaneh Port, Northern Coast of the Persian Gulf, Iran. Journal of the Persian Gulf (Marine Science). 4(11): 17-24.

Børgesen, F., 1939.Marine algae from the Iranian Gulf. In: Danish Scientific Investigations in Iran (K. Jessen and R. Sparck, eds.). Einar, Munksgaard 1: 47-141.

Basson, P.W., Mohamed. S.A,. and D.K,. Arora., 1989. A survey of the benthic marine algae of Bahrain. Botanica Marina.32: 27-40.

Basson, P.W., 1979a. Marine algae of the Persian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia (first half). Botanica, Marina, 22: 47-64.

Basson, P.W., 1979b. Marine algae of the Persian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia (second half). Botanica Marina, 22: 65-82.

Basson, P.W., 1992. Checklist of marine algae of the Persian Gulf. Journal University of Kuwait (Science). 19: 217-230.

Bittner, L., Payri, C. E., Couloux, A., Cruaud, C., de Reviers, B. and Rousseau, F., 2008. Molecular phylogeny of the Dictyotales and their position within the Phaeophyceae, based on nuclear, plastid and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.49 (1):211-26.

Cho G.Y., Lee Sh., Boo S, M., 2004. A new brown algal order, Ishigeales (Phaeophyceae), Established On the Basis Of Plastid Protein-Coding rbcL, psaA, and psbA region comparisons. Journal of Phycology, 40: 921–936.

Cho, G.Y., Kogame, K., Kawai, H., and Boo, S. M., 2007. Genetic diversity of Scytosiphonlomentaria (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae) from the Pacific and Europe based on RuBisCO large subunit and spacer, and ITS nr DNA sequences. Phycologia 46: 657–65.

De Clerck, O,. and Coppejans, E,. 1997. Notes on the Dictyota vieillardii and D. adnata (Dictyotaceae, Phaeophyta). Taxon. 46: 33–36.

De Clerck, O., Gavio, B., BA´ Rbara, I., Fredericq, S. &Coppejans, E. (2005). Systematics of Grateloupiafilicina (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta), based on rbcL sequence analyses and morphological evidence, including the reinstatement of G. minima and the description of G. capensis sp. nov. Journal of Phycology. 41: 391–410.

De Clerck, O., Leliaert, F., Verbruggen, H., 2006. A revised classification of the Dictyoteae (Dictyotales,Phaeophyceae) based on rbcL and 26S ribosomal DNA sequence analyses. Journal of Phycology. 42: 1271–88.

Felsenstein, J.,1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies: An approach using the bootstrap. Evolution, 39: 783–791.

Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2013. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway

Hoshina, R., Hasegawa, K., Tanaka, J. & Hara, Y., 2004. Molecular phylogeny of the Dictyotaceae (Phaeophyceae) with emphasis on their morphology and its taxonomic implication.Japanpn Journal Phycology. 52(Supplument.): 189–194.

Kawai,H., Hanyuda,T., Draisma,S.G.A. and Muller,D.G.,2007. Molecular Phylogeny Of DiscosporangiumMeasarthrocarpum (Phaeophyceae) With a Reinstatement of the order Discosporangiales Journal of Phycology. 43,:186-194.

Lee, J. and Bae, K. S. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships among several genera of Dictyotaceae (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) based on 18S rRNA and partial rbcL gene sequences. Marine Biology 140:1107

Nei, M,. and Kumar, S,. 2000. Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics. Oxford University Press. 333P.

Newton, L., 1955a. The marine algae of Kuwait. In: Dickson, V., (Ed.). The wild flowers of Kuwait and Bahrain, Allen and Unwin.100P.

Newton, L., 1955b. The marine algae of Bahrain. In: Dickson, V. (Ed.). The wild flowers of Kuwait and Bahrain. Allen and Unwin. 141P.

Ni-Ni-Win, Hanyuda, T., Arai, S., Uchimura, M., Abbott, I. A. & Kawai, H., 2008. Three new records of Padina in Japan based on morphological and molecular markers. Phycological Research. 56:288–300.

Ni-Ni-Win, Hanyuda, T., Arai, S., Uchimura, M., Abbott, I. A. & Kawai, H. 2010. Four new species of Padina (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) from the Western Pacific Ocean, and reinstatement of Padina japonica. Phycologia 49:136–53.

Ni-Ni-Win., Hanyuda,T., Draisma, S.G.A., Furnari, G., Meinesz, A., and Kawai, H., 2011. Padina ditristromatica sp. nov. and Padina pavonicoides sp. nov. (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae), two new species from the Mediterranean Sea based on morphological and molecular markers. European Journal of Phycology. 46(4): 327–341.

Ni-Ni-Win., Hanyuda, T., Arai, S., Uchimura, M., Prathep, A., Draysma, S.G.A., Phang, S.M., Abbot, I.A., Millar, A.J.K. and Kawai, H., 2011. A taxonomic study of the genus Padina (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) including the description of four new species from Japan, Hawaii, and the Andaman Sea. Journal of Phycology. 47: 1–17.

Nizamuddin, M. and Gessner, F., 1970.The marine algae of the northern part of the Arabian Sea and of the Persian Gulf. “Meteor” Forsch-Ergebnisse, Reihe D. Biologie. 6:1-42.

Noormohammadi, Z., Ghasemzadeh, Baraki, S., Sheidai, M., Rafiee, F., Mohammad Gharanjik, B., 2011.Morphological diversity of Sargassum species of Iran. Gene Conserve 10 (39):1-22

Noormohammadi, Z., Ghasemzadeh, Baraki, S., Sheidai, M., 2011. Preliminarily report on molecular diversity of Sargassum species in Oman Sea by using ISSR and RAPD markers. Acta Biologica Szegediensis 55(1):19-26.

Saitou, N., and Nei, M., 1987.The neighbor-joining method: A new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 4(4):406-425.

Silberfeld,T., Bittner, L., Fernandez-Garcia ,C., Cruaud, C., de Reviers, B., Rousseau, F., Payri, C.E. and De Clerck, O.,2013. Species diversity, Phylogeny, and large scale biogeographical patterns of the genus Padina (Phaeophyceae, Dictyotales). Jouranal of Phycology 49(1):130-142.

Siemer, B. L.,Stam ,W.T., Olsen. J. L.,Pedersen, P.M., 1998. Phylogenetics relationships of the brown algal orders Ectocarpales, Chordariales ,Dictyotales and Tilopteridales (Pheophyceae) Based on Rubisco Large Subunit and Spacer Sequences. Journal of Phycology. 34(6):1038–1048.

Sohrabipour, J. and Rabii, R., 1996. New Records of Algae for Persian Gulf and flora of Iran. Iranian Journal of Botany, 7 (1):95 – 115.

Sohrabipour, J. and Rabii, R., 1999. A list of marine algae of sea shores of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea in the Hormozgan province. Iranian Journal of Botany. 8(1): 131- 162.

Sohrabipour, J. and Rabii, R., 2007.The checklist of green algae of the Iranian coastal lines of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Iranian Journal of Botany.13 (2): 146-149.

Sohrabipoor, J. and Rabii, R., 2008. Rhodophyta of Oman Gulf (South East of Iran). Iranian Journal of Botany 14 (1): 70-74.

Tamura, K., Peterson, D., Peterson, N., Stecher, G., Nei, M., and Kumar, S., 2011. MEGA5: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis using Maximum Likelihood, Evolutionary Distance, and Maximum Parsimony Methods. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 28: 2731-2739.

Thompson. J.D., Higgins, D.G., Gibson, T.J., 1994. CLUSTAL W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, position specific gappenalties and weight matrix choice. Nucleic Acids Research. 22:4673–4680.

Tronholm, A., Steen, F., Tyberghein, L., Leliaert, F., verbruggen, H., Ribera Siguan, M.A. & De Clerck, O., 2010. Species delimitation, taxonomy and biogeography of Dictyota in Europe (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 46: 1301–1321.

Trono, C. Jr., 1969. The marine benthic algae of the Caroline Islands. II. Phaeophyta and Rhodophyta. Micronesica 5: 25–119.

Tsuda, R. T., 1972. Marine benthic algae of Guam Phaeophyta. Micronesia. 8: 87–115.

Wynne, M. J., 1998. A study of Padina antillarum (Kützing) Piccone and a comparison with P. tetrastromatica Hauck (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie. 4: 271–89.

  • There are currently no refbacks.