Effect of Cyanobacterial Extract on Medicinal Plant Mentha piperita L.

As the simplest photosynthetic organisms,
cyanobacteria are the interface between
bacteria and plants in terms of evolutionary
process. The positive effect of these photosynthetic
microorganisms on plant growth
is one of the important roles in biotechnology.
Their production of various secondary
metabolites is another known application of
these microalgae in agricultural biotechnology.
In this study, the effect of two species
of heterocystous cyanobacteria, isolated
from paddy fields of Golestan Province in
Iran, on the growth of peppermint (Mentha
piperita L.) was evaluated. A significant difference
was observed between treated plants
and control in terms of growth parameters.
In addition, as one of the factors influencing
the vegetative parameters of plants, the
qualitative identification of phytohormones
in cyanobacterial biomass was investigated
by biochemical methods and High Performance
Liquid Chromatography technique.
The results indicated the presence of plant
growth hormones such as indole acetic acid
and indole butyric acid in extracts of studied

Cyanobacteria, High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Phytohormones, Peppermint, Vegetative Parameters.



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